Taurine, an liver protecting amino acid, has been shown to have promising results. It is known that the liver is the main organ for taurine biosynthesis and also an important target organ for taurine's many biological activities. It is essential for formation of bile acids and thus for detoxification processes. In a 2008 study, taurine has been shown to reduce the secretion of apolipoprotein B100 and lipids in HepaticG2 cells and is effective in removing fatty liver deposits, preventing liver disease, and reducing cirrhosis. Importantly taurine has protective and preventive role in portal hypertension, the major cause of death in cirrhotic liver conditions.
Taurine plays following important roles in hepatoprotection-Combines and removes of toxic chemicals and metabolites
– Antioxidant action :- Taurine increases levels of antioxidant enzymes like glutathione peroxidase, superoxide dismutase and catalase in liver and thus protects hepatocytes from free radical and ROS induced damages.
– As essential component of cell membranes :- It enhances transport of important ions across hepatocytes thus improving their functions and recovery. A deficiency of taurine can lead to electrolyte imbalance due to impaired mineral transport across cell membranes and this reduces the ability of the liver to remove toxic substances.