Function of Liver

  • Synthesis of various substances – Proteins (including enzymes), hormones.

  • Formation of enzymes and bile acids.

  • Breakdown of complex substances into simple substances which can be easily excreted via urine.

  • Storage of glycogen as well as other substances.

  • Detoxification of internal or external toxic substances.

Diagnosis Of Damage Liver

  • An initial step in detecting liver damage is a simple blood test to determine the presence of certain liver enzymes in the blood. Under normal circumstances, these enzymes remain inside the liver cells. But when the liver is injured for any reason, these enzymes appear in blood stream.Among the most sensitive and widely used of liver enzymes for detecting liver damage are
             - Aspartate aminotransferase (AST or SGOT).
             - Alanine aminotransferase (ALT or SGPT).

  • During liver diseases their concentration in blood increases above normal levels.